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Author Topic: Effect of RAW bit decimation: Panasonic GH5s case  (Read 704 times)

Guillermo Luijk

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Effect of RAW bit decimation: Panasonic GH5s case
« on: November 07, 2021, 07:33:18 pm »

I knew recently that the Panasonic GH5s is the only M4/3 camera with genuine 14-bit RAW files. But do those extra 2 bits really make a difference? 14-bit cameras have existed in the past where RAW files could be encoded with 12 bits without practical loss. The same applies to all 16-bit MF cameras and backs, where 14-bit RAW files would have sufficed.

Taking this high contrast scene shot at IO160 (base ISO):
http://guillermoluijk.com/misc/decimation2.jpg

I picked the deep shadows area, where extra bits could be of help, and built a synthetic DNG RAW file with increasingly bit decimation over the same area: 14, 13, 12,..., 6 bits:

http://guillermoluijk.com/misc/decimationfull.jpg

The result with 14 bits is hardly different to 12 bits (I can see some extra magenta cast in the 12-bit version). From 10-bit (incl.) the posterization is clearly visible.

Synthetic RAW file to play with it here.
Original RAW file here.

Regards
« Last Edit: November 07, 2021, 07:37:03 pm by Guillermo Luijk »
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fdisilvestro

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Re: Effect of RAW bit decimation: Panasonic GH5s case
« Reply #1 on: November 08, 2021, 09:06:14 pm »

Thanks for the analysis, I wonder how a 14 bit file would compare to a file created from the 12 bit + 2 bit random

SrMi

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