I think the question is "why would you want to?"
Using filters in front of the lens, as we did in the days of black and white film, means deciding what effect you want before shooting.
My advice for producing mono photographs with a digital camera would be:
Shoot in Raw
Import into Lightroom
"Kill" any default presets applied by Lightroom (e.g. sharpening, etc) so that you have as near to a "pure" Raw file as possible to work with.
From within Lightroom, edit in Nik's Silver Efex Pro2 to convert to mono.
Saving the resultant image in SEP2 will result in a mono Tiff being sent back to Lightroom to lie alongside the original Raw file image.
Then finish processing and print from Lightroom.
(As they would say on the BBC, other mono converters are available - some of which may provide similar processing options)
The advantage of this type of process over lens filters is that being able to adjust each of the colour channels independently in SEP2 gives you, in reality, the equivalent of an almost infinite box of glass filters in every conceivable colour and strength. Plus, of course, you can produce many variations to compare - something that would have been time-consuming and expensive in the days of film.
(If you do not want to go to the expense of buying Nik or Topaz plug-ins, then the B&W conversion in Lightroom itself, although more limited, does a fairly good job of mono conversion.)