There is a lot of good information here, but it is presented in a somewhat disjointed fashion, like you were just writing down good stuff as you thought of it. I think the article needs a second draft, editing the content to make it well organized and coherent. Maybe it would help to write an outline to define the structure of the article? It also needs a lot more detailed explanation if you want it to make sense to a non-expert audience.
Some notes on your "collecting more photons" section:
"If we assume that we have a full frame sensor of 24x36 mm and compare it with a MF sensor of 24x48 mm size the later one will have twice the area, so it will collect about the same number of photons." I have no idea what you mean here. Apart from the math error, don't you mean to say that the larger sensor will collect more photons? Or are you assuming something about relative pixel sizes and talking about photons per pixel?
Throughout the article, you never make a proper distinction between sensor size and pixel size. All of your dynamic range discussion is at the pixel level. Does the larger sensor have an advantage only because it provides larger pixels? (The answer is no, but I don't think I could conclude that from anything in your article.)
This is a technical article, so you should get the details right. For example, one of your conclusions is "A larger sensor will collect more photons and therefore have less shot noise." This is incorrect (as was shown in the earlier discussion). A correct statement would be "A larger pixel will collect more photons at a given gray level, providing a better signal/noise ratio".
From the discussion up to this point, I do not think you are entitled to replace "pixel" with "sensor" in the preceding statement, although it seems important to be able to do so. That reasoning comes next in your article, but only as a passing comment in an example.
Your discussion about pixels per printed image size comes late in the article but deserves more prominence. This is precisely why a large sensor has an advantage over a small sensor (irrespective of pixel size). It is not "software binning". It has a larger affect on the darks (where S/N is poor) than on the grays (where S/N is good).