Your question is a bit confusing, trying to guess what you mean by "see down through the full stack."
Doing that is so basic, I have to assume I don't understand what you mean. But the basics are simple and don't involve blending modes at all.
Just toggle an adjustment layer on and off to see the effect of that layer by clicking on the "eyeball" in the Layers panel. Clicking on one eyeball and dragging through other eyeballs will toggle multiple layers on and off. Or, put multiple adjustment layers in a Group and then toggle the Group on and off.
And shift-click on the mask icon in the Layers panel to turn the masks on and off, seeing the effect of the mask.