All above seem focused on the gear of panoramic head. There is some critical points missing;
1. Rotating camera -
a) Cheapest is to do so on the head you already have on your tripod. Many ballheads have a panoramic base, or even keep ballhead not quite tightened onto the tripod and rotate it between each shot.
b ) Handheld can work same way as a) but less accurate, perhaps not as sharp photos.
c) RRS Panoramic Clamp will make above easier; http://reallyrightstuff.com/rrs/Itemdesc.a...amp;eq=&Tp=
(read their website)
I have tried 1 a) and did not like it.
Problem 1 - The negative is that when you stitch the software calculates the images and perspective. Say if you take three photos to stitch, thus the one in center already has the perspective. The other two need to be stretched out from the far ends both horizontally and vertically. That makes you loose precious pixels and resolution!
Problem 2 - More so... above methods makes it impossible to exact compose an image. Take a look at images made in this way and compare to a classical book on panoramic photography using 617 or 612 etc. You will probably see what I mean... While you will be "free" from a set image size or format... you will have zip nil to compose your image within. Mentally imagining the composition does not result in same thing as in critically composing an image...
2) Flat stitching -
This takes care of Problem 1 above. Using a shift lens also partly takes care of problem 2.
Read here http://www.shutterbug.net/techniques/pro_t...806perspective/
3) Stitching adapter on LF -
All that are reasonably good are very $overpriced$ expensive. They also feature ridiculous too small groundglasses to aid in focusing in s small focus area and not to aid you in composing an image for panoramic. I already use a medium format digital back and am having custom make an adapter for me in China, which should be cheaper than other adapters (except cheapy one on ebay). I will use traditional large format lenses and not the $overpriced$ digitar large format lenses. The traditional have larger and large enough image circles for also 617 format stitching, the digitar do not! Albeit... I will have to see how well it will work in end, because diffraction can be issue, and for wides depth of focus and chromatic aberations. I keep fingers crossed... My adapter will have about 4" x 3" groundglass for proper composition and focusing for panoramics...
4) Film -
For panoramic it was easier